Higher Education

What is an instructional method?


I was recently asked what is an instructional method. This is an incredibly important question especially in higher education where most faculty are experts in their field but have little to no formal instructional-design education or instructional-design experience. Reigeluth (1999) defines an instructional-design theory (i.e. model) as “a theory that offers explicit guidance on how […]

Instructional Theory versus Learning Theory

Instructional-Design Theory

In Instructional-Design Theories and Models: A New Paradigm of Instructional Theory, Vol II, Reigeluth proposes that instructional-design theory (also called instructional theory) is separate and distinct from learning theory. Instructional theory “offers explicit guidance on how to help people learn and develop.” Learning theory is typically a descriptive theory; it explains how people learn. Instructional theory is […]

Transitions & Transformations

Moving Blog

A lot of transitions are happening right about now. We just moved our blog to our own website – www.appliedidt.com (Applied Instructional Design & Technology). The previous blog posts are now here and we will be shutting down the old site in about 30 days. Another major transition is happening at Avila University where we […]

The Field of LMS Design

LMS Types

About 17 years ago I created a simple website for my dissertation. I took a document and organized it into a web to study how hyper-linked text documents affect online student learning. Graphical browsers were just  coming on the scene but for my study I only used text which seemed appropriate for the time. No […]

Instructor Presence


The Higher Learning Commission (HLC) puts a lot of weight on substantive interaction between faculty and students. The presence or absence of this interaction is one of the factors that differentiates distance learning (education) from correspondence education. Smith et al. (2002) published an article in eLearn Magazine on the challenge of instructor presence. The title sets the tone: […]

The Beginning…


I just recently joined Avila University as full-time staff. I have been with Avila as an adjunct in the Master of Science in Organizational Development (MSOD) program since 2006. Avila asked me to join full time as an instructional designer to assist faculty who are beginning their quest to teach online. Prior to joining Avila I spent a couple of […]